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Top 8 Coolest Buildings In The World

The world has an array of amazing buildings that showcase the cultural architecture of each country. From ancient buildings scattered about in Italy, to the technologically advanced buildings in China, each building and structure has a unique history from it’s origin. Humans have been making amazing, sturdy structures since ancient times that have withstood weathering, the elements, and passing time such as the pyramids of Giza, or the buildings of Pompeii. No matter what feats that humans have had to overcome throughout history, our architecture seems to improve more and more.


The following is a list of a few of the coolest buildings currently standing in the world.


8. Taj Mahal, Agra, India


Deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, the Taj Mahal is a beautiful marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Prasdesh, India. Considered one of the best examples of Mughal architecture, the Taj Mahal has a rich history, which was built starting in 1632. Built by Mughal emperor Shah Juhan, in memory of his wife Mumtaz Muhal, the Taj Mahal was not completed until 1653. Thousands of artisans and craftsmen were involved in the construction of the Taj Mahal, with beautiful art and structures inside, capturing the Persian, Turkish, Indian, and Islamic cultures in a beautiful way. There are several gardens, including the magnificent Moonlight Gardens, as well as a mosque and a bazaar on site of the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal has a tomb which is the central focus of the structure, that contain Mumtaz Muhal and Shah Juhan in the lower levels.


7. Colosseum, Rome, Italy
One of the most recognized buildings in the world, the Colosseum in Rome, Italy, is full of ancient Roman culture and traditions. Commissioned in 70-72 A.D. by the Emperor Vespasian of the Flavian dynasty, the Colosseum was meant to be an amphitheater to host many forms of entertainment for the people of Rome that included games, animal fights, and brutal gladiator combats. The arena opened in 80 A.D. and began with 100 days of games and entertainment, which continued to be used for over four centuries. Archaeologists have found evidence of drinking fountains and bathrooms located within the Colosseum, which was an amazing architectural advance for the times. Afterward, through the 18th century, the Colosseum was used for building materials. Though the great arena has had over half of it’s architecture destroyed over time, the great Colosseum still stands and is a popular tourist destination that represents the rise and fall of the Roman Empire.


6. Gardens By The Bay, Marina Bay, Singapore
The Gardens By The Bay in Singapore is one of the top ten gardens in the world. The gardens were built to eventually become the premier urban outdoor recreation space, as well as become a symbol of the nation of Singapore. Completed in 2012, Gardens By The Bay consist of three large parts; the central garden, the east garden, and the west garden. The gardens have two conservatories, the Flower Dome and the Cloud Forest. The most dominant feature of the Gardens By The Bay would be the Supertrees Grove. The large, tree-like structures stand between 25-50 meters in height, and also function as vertical gardens to help provide shelter and shading to other plants. The Supertrees contain environmental technologies that mimic the ecological function of trees. Solar energy panels help provide the Supertrees with energy to light the area and collect rainwater for the gardens. There is also a children’s garden with a tree house and adventure trail.


5. Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia
Located in Sydney Harbour, close to the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Sydney Opera house is a stunning performing arts center that opened in 1973. The Sydney Opera House was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon, who won the international design competition in 1955 for the venue. He visited Sydney in 1957 to help supervise the construction and then moved his office to Sydney in 1963. Sydney Opera House was completed in three stages, and was to consist of not only an opera house but to serve as a multifunctional venue for the performing arts. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007, the Sydney Opera House hosts over 1500 performances per year, with an average attendance of over one million people per year. Several changes were made to Utzon’s design, giving way to the current structure it is today. Utzon’s original design for the Sydney Opera House was widely admired, though many things had to be changed about the design.


4. Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The Petronas Towers are twin skyscrapers in downtown Kuala Lumpur that are a landmark of Kuala Lumpur, and remain the tallest twin towers in the world, replacing the World Trade Center in New York. The towers are considered a postmodern style that was designed by Argentine American architect Cesar Pelli. Construction was completed in March of 1996, and functions as a place for commercial offices as well as a tourist attraction. The height of the towers are 451.9 meters and were built on the site of the Kuala Lumpur race track. The towers have steel and glass facades that are meant to resemble Islamic art, in tribute to the Muslim religion of Malaysia. In 2009, the French urban climber Alain “Spiderman” Robert decided to climb up to the top of Tower Two, only using his bare hands and feet, and without any safety devices. He had made two attempts beforehand, getting caught and arrested both times.


3. One World Trade Center, New York City, United States
The One World Trade Center, located in New York City, is the replacement building for the World Trade Centers that were destroyed in the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. Standing at 1776 feet, the One World Trade Center is the United States’ tallest building. The massive office space also includes an observation deck and world-class restaurants. The One World Trade Center features an energy efficient design that uses renewable energy, reuse of rainwater, recycled construction materials, and interior daylight. The One World Trade Center also features improved safety systems that exceeds the current building code requirements for the city of New York, and it also features retail spaces in the lower levels. The One World Trade Center opened it’s doors in November 2014, and serves as a landmark for New York City, as well as a symbol of hope and peace for the people of the United States.


2. Metropol Parasol, Seville, Spain
The Metropol Parasol is located in the old quarter of Seville, Spain at La Encarnacion square. Completed in 2011, the Metropol Parasol is the largest wooden structure in the world, standing at approximately 26 meters in height and 150 by 70 meters in length and width. The building is in the form of six giant mushrooms, which are inspired by the vaults of the Cathedral of Seville as well as the nearby ficus trees. The Metropol Parasol consists of four levels, and features of the building include panoramic views and sidewalks at the top of the structure, a restaurant, public events, open air public plaza, and a museum that contains remains of the Roman and Moorish cultures. The construction of the Metropol Parasol was temporarily halted in 2007 due to problems with the materials being used that caused limitations. Using birch tree wood imported from Finland, the design was revamped in order to use glue as a reinforcement on the structure so the building could be finished. The overall cost of building the Metropol Parasol was around 100 million euros.


1. Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow, Russia
Located in the Red Square in Moscow, Russia, Saint Basil’s Cathedral is a colorful cathedral that was completed in 1561 on orders from Ivan the Terrible, meant to commemorate that capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. It was the largest structure in the city until the Ivan the Great Bell Tower was completed in 1600. Now known as a museum, the cathedral is also known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat. The cathedral originally consisted of eight churches arranged around the ninth church which was the central one. The tenth church was built over the grave of Saint Basil in 1588. It was called Jerusalem by many and was an allegory to the Jerusalem Temple in the Palm Sunday parades. The building is meant to be shaped like a bonfire reaching toward the sky, and is unlike any other building in Russia.

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